[Core] .NET Core & VS Code 之路(2) Web API – Never、C

开发Core项目的条件

看到VS包的体积,以及不想往下走了.

幸亏,ms出了VS Code,可开发.NET Core项目.实际上记事本也能写Core代码,但是开发是需要调试的.

所以本系列将持续用VS Code开发.以代码为主,关键点会加以注释

 

由于公司事比较多,一直没来得及更新

 

 

目录

 

Web API

  • dotnet new 添加Core项目
  • project.json添加依赖
    • “Microsoft.AspNetCore.Server.Kestrel”

    • “Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc”

  • 添加Startup.cs
  • 添加ValuesController.cs
  • 修改Program.cs

 

project.json 添加的依赖

    "dependencies": {
        "Microsoft.AspNetCore.Server.Kestrel": "1.0.0", //webhost
        "Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc": "1.0.0" //webapi mvc
    }

  

添加的Startup.cs

using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Builder;
using Microsoft.Extensions.DependencyInjection;

public class Startup
{
    public void Configure(IApplicationBuilder app)
    {
        app.UseMvc();//使用MVC管道
    }

    public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
    {
        services.AddMvc();//MVC加入到DI容器中
    }
}

 

添加的ValuesController.cs

using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;

public class ValuesController
{
    [HttpGet("/values/{name}")]//name参数注入
    public string Index(string name)
    {
        return "Hello World:" + name;

    }
}

 

修改的Program.cs

        public static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            new WebHostBuilder()
              .UseKestrel()
              .UseStartup<Startup>()
              .UseUrls("http://localhost:8899", "http://localhost:9988/")//同时监听2个端口
              .Build()
              .Run();
        }

 

MVC

在.NET Core中,MVC和Web API实际上走的同一个管道

本例子会在上面的Web API基础上修改

  • 添加和修改project.json
    • Microsoft.AspNetCore.Razor.Tools
  • 添加HomeController
  • 添加Index.cshtml
  • 修改Program.cs

 

MVC中因为有razor动态编译,所以不仅仅添加1个依赖即可

project.json修改的内容

    "buildOptions": {
        "debugType": "portable",
        "emitEntryPoint": true,
        "preserveCompilationContext": true //动态编译
    },
    "dependencies": {
        "Microsoft.AspNetCore.Server.Kestrel": "1.0.0", //webhost
        "Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc": "1.0.0", //webapi mvc
        "Microsoft.AspNetCore.Razor.Tools": { //mvc razor
            "version": "1.0.0-preview2-final",
            "type": "build"
        }
    },

 

 

添加的HomeController.cs

注意:需要继承Controller类

using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;

public class HomeController : Controller
{
    [HttpGet("/{name}")]
    public IActionResult Index(string name)
    {
        ViewBag.Name = "Hello " + name;
        return View();
    }
}

  

 

添加Index.cshtml

目录结构和之前方式(ASP.NET MVC)一样

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="zh">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>Title</title>
</head>
<body>
    <h1>@ViewBag.Name</h1>
</body>
</html>

 

修改Program.cs

        public static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            new WebHostBuilder()
                .UseKestrel()
                .UseStartup<Startup>()
                .UseContentRoot(Directory.GetCurrentDirectory()) //mvc views需要
                .UseUrls("http://localhost:8899", "http://localhost:9988/")//同时监听2个端口
                .Build()
                .Run();
        }

 

静态文件

  • 添加依赖:project.json
    • Microsoft.AspNetCore.StaticFiles
  • 注册管道:Startup.cs
  • 添加静态文件:wwwroot

 

project.json

    "dependencies": { //nuget包
        "Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc": "1.0.0", //webapi mvc
        "Microsoft.AspNetCore.Server.Kestrel": "1.0.0", //webhost
        "Microsoft.AspNetCore.Razor.Tools": { //mvc razor
            "version": "1.0.0-preview2-final",
            "type": "build"
        },
        "Microsoft.AspNetCore.StaticFiles": "1.0.0"//静态文件
    },

 

注册管道

        public void Configure(IApplicationBuilder app)
        {
            app.UseStaticFiles();//需要在mvc前 否则将优先被mvc路由匹配执行
            app.UseMvc();
        }

 

添加静态文件

静态文件默认是以wwwroot文件夹为根目录

 

 

注意:

  • 添加依赖后,需要Restore后才能使用该库
  • 本节由于篇幅问题,去除了配置文件的大量说明
  • 本文地址:http://www.cnblogs.com/neverc/p/5801210.html

 



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