vs2017使用rdlc实现批量打印 – siwm了无痕

接着上一篇:上一篇写了安装,这篇直接搞定批量打印,A4纸横版竖版页面设计,正式开始。(我的表达不怎么好,我尽量发图片都是程序员一点就通)

一、界面展示

忽略界面设计丑

查看预览界面,因为有数据就不截全屏了,盒号是我自己加的,我们自己的业务逻辑。

三、核心代码,批量打印(参考代码链接,放到文章结尾处)

  1   public class BillPrint : IDisposable
  2     {
  3         /// <summary>
  4         /// 当前打印页号
  5         /// </summary>
  6         static int m_currentPageIndex;
  7 
  8         /// <summary>
  9         /// RDCL转换stream一页对应一个stream
 10         /// </summary>
 11         static List<Stream> m_streams;
 12 
 13         /// <summary>
 14         /// 把report输出成stream
 15         /// </summary>
 16         /// <param name="report">传入需要Export的report</param>
 17         private void Export(LocalReport report)
 18         {
 19             string deviceInfo =
 20               "<DeviceInfo>" +
 21               "  <OutputFormat>EMF</OutputFormat>" +
 22               //"  <PageWidth>2in</PageWidth>" +
 23               //"  <PageHeight>20in</PageHeight>" +
 24               //"  <MarginTop>0in</MarginTop>" +
 25               //"  <MarginLeft>0in</MarginLeft>" +
 26               //"  <MarginRight>0in</MarginRight>" +
 27               //"  <MarginBottom>0in</MarginBottom>" +
 28               "</DeviceInfo>";
 29             m_streams = new List<Stream>();
 30             report.Render("Image", deviceInfo, CreateStream, out Warning[] warnings);
 31             foreach (Stream stream in m_streams)
 32                 stream.Position = 0;
 33         }
 34 
 35         /// <summary>
 36         /// 创建具有指定的名称和格式的流。
 37         /// </summary>
 38         private Stream CreateStream(string name, string fileNameExtension, Encoding encoding, string mimeType, bool willSeek)
 39         {
 40             Stream stream = new FileStream(name + "." + fileNameExtension,
 41               FileMode.Create);
 42             m_streams.Add(stream);
 43             return stream;
 44         }
 45 
 46         /// <summary>
 47         /// 打印输出
 48         /// </summary>
 49         private void PrintPage(object sender, PrintPageEventArgs ev)
 50         {
 51             Metafile pageImage =
 52               new Metafile(m_streams[m_currentPageIndex]);
 53             ev.Graphics.DrawImage(pageImage, ev.PageBounds);
 54             m_currentPageIndex++;
 55             ev.HasMorePages = (m_currentPageIndex < m_streams.Count);
 56         }
 57         /// <summary>
 58         /// 设置横版打印
 59         /// </summary>
 60         /// <param name="sender"></param>
 61         /// <param name="e"></param>
 62         void Document_QueryPageSettings(object sender, QueryPageSettingsEventArgs e)
 63         {
 64             e.PageSettings.Landscape = false;
 65             int index = -1;
 66             for (int i = 0; i < e.PageSettings.PrinterSettings.PaperSizes.Count; i++)
 67             {
 68                 if (e.PageSettings.PrinterSettings.PaperSizes[i].PaperName == "A4")
 69                 {
 70                     index = i;
 71                     break;
 72                 }
 73             }
 74             if (index != -1)
 75             {
 76                 e.PageSettings.PaperSize = e.PageSettings.PrinterSettings.PaperSizes[index];
 77             }
 78         }
 79 
 80 
 81         /// <summary>
 82         /// 打印预处理
 83         /// </summary>
 84         private void Print(string printerName = null)
 85         {
 86             PrintDocument printDoc = new PrintDocument();
 87             if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(printerName))
 88             {
 89                 printerName = printDoc.PrinterSettings.PrinterName;
 90             }
 91             if (m_streams == null || m_streams.Count == 0)
 92                 return;
 93             printDoc.PrinterSettings.PrinterName = printerName;
 94             if (!printDoc.PrinterSettings.IsValid)
 95             {
 96                 string msg = String.Format("Can't find printer "{0}".", printerName);
 97                 throw new Exception(msg);
 98             }
 99             printDoc.PrintPage += new PrintPageEventHandler(PrintPage);
100 
101             //设置横版打印
102             printDoc.QueryPageSettings += new QueryPageSettingsEventHandler(Document_QueryPageSettings);
103 
104             StandardPrintController spc = new StandardPrintController();
105             printDoc.PrintController = spc;
106             printDoc.Print();
107         }
108 
109         /// <summary>
110         /// 对外接口,启动打印
111         /// </summary>
112         /// <param name="report"></param>
113         /// <param name="printerName">默认打印机</param>
114         public static void Run(LocalReport report, string printerName = null)
115         {
116             m_currentPageIndex = 0;
117             BillPrint billPrint = new BillPrint();
118             billPrint.Export(report);
119             billPrint.Print();
120             billPrint.Dispose();
121         }
122 
123 
124         /// <summary>
125         /// 获取打印机状态
126         /// </summary>
127         /// <param name="printerName">打印机名称</param>
128         /// <param name="status">输出打印机状态</param>
129         private static void GetPrinterStatus2(string printerName, ref uint status)
130         {
131             try
132             {
133                 string lcPrinterName = printerName;
134                 IntPtr liHandle = IntPtr.Zero;
135                 if (!Win32.OpenPrinter(lcPrinterName, out liHandle, IntPtr.Zero))
136                 {
137                     Console.WriteLine("print  is close");
138                     return;
139                 }
140                 UInt32 level = 2;
141                 IntPtr buffer = IntPtr.Zero;
142                 Win32.GetPrinter(liHandle, level, buffer, 0, out uint sizeNeeded);
143                 buffer = Marshal.AllocHGlobal((int)sizeNeeded);
144                 if (!Win32.GetPrinter(liHandle, level, buffer, sizeNeeded, out sizeNeeded))
145                 {
146                     Console.WriteLine(Environment.NewLine + "Fail GetPrinter:" + Marshal.GetLastWin32Error());
147                     return;
148                 }
149 
150                 Win32.PRINTER_INFO_2 info = (Win32.PRINTER_INFO_2)Marshal.PtrToStructure(buffer, typeof(Win32.PRINTER_INFO_2));
151                 status = info.Status;
152                 Marshal.FreeHGlobal(buffer);
153                 Win32.ClosePrinter(liHandle);
154             }
155             catch (Exception ex)
156             {
157                 throw ex;
158             }
159         }
160 
161         /// <summary>
162         /// 对外接口,调去打印机信息
163         /// </summary>
164         /// <param name="printerName">打印机名称</param>
165         /// <returns>返回打印机当前状态</returns>
166         public static string GetPrinterStatus(string printerName)
167         {
168             uint intValue = 0;
169             PrintDocument pd = new PrintDocument();
170             printerName = printerName == "" ? pd.PrinterSettings.PrinterName : printerName;
171             GetPrinterStatus2(printerName, ref intValue);
172             string strRet = string.Empty;
173             switch (intValue)
174             {
175                 case 0:
176                     strRet = "准备就绪(Ready)";
177                     break;
178                 case 4194432:
179                     strRet = "被打开(Lid Open)";
180                     break;
181                 case 144:
182                     strRet = "打印纸用完(Out of Paper)";
183                     break;
184                 case 4194448:
185                     strRet = "被打开并且打印纸用完(Out of Paper && Lid Open)";
186                     break;
187                 case 1024:
188                     strRet = "打印中(Printing)";
189                     break;
190                 case 32768:
191                     strRet = "初始化(Initializing)";
192                     break;
193                 case 160:
194                     strRet = "手工送纸(Manual Feed in Progress)";
195                     break;
196                 case 4096:
197                     strRet = "脱机(Offline)";
198                     break;
199                 default:
200                     strRet = "未知状态(unknown state)";
201                     break;
202             }
203             return strRet;
204         }
205 
206 
207         public void Dispose()
208         {
209             if (m_streams != null)
210             {
211                 foreach (Stream stream in m_streams)
212                     stream.Close();
213                 m_streams = null;
214             }
215         }
216     }
217 
218     public class Win32
219     {
220         [DllImport("winspool.drv", CharSet = CharSet.Auto, SetLastError = true)]
221         public static extern bool OpenPrinter(string printer, out IntPtr handle, IntPtr printerDefaults);
222         [DllImport("winspool.drv")]
223         public static extern bool ClosePrinter(IntPtr handle);
224         [DllImport("winspool.drv", CharSet = CharSet.Auto, SetLastError = true)]
225         public static extern bool GetPrinter(IntPtr handle, UInt32 level, IntPtr buffer, UInt32 size, out UInt32 sizeNeeded);
226         [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential, CharSet = CharSet.Auto)]
227         public struct PRINTER_INFO_2
228         {
229             public string pServerName;
230             public string pPrinterName;
231             public string pShareName;
232             public string pPortName;
233             public string pDriverName;
234             public string pComment;
235             public string pLocation;
236             public IntPtr pDevMode;
237             public string pSepFile;
238             public string pPrintProcessor;
239             public string pDatatype;
240             public string pParameters;
241             public IntPtr pSecurityDescriptor;
242             public UInt32 Attributes;
243             public UInt32 Priority;
244             public UInt32 DefaultPriority;
245             public UInt32 StartTime;
246             public UInt32 UntilTime;
247             public UInt32 Status;
248             public UInt32 cJobs;
249             public UInt32 AveragePPM;
250         }
251     }

View Code

代码使用

 1   using (ReportViewer rvDoc = new ReportViewer())
 2                             {
 3                                 rvDoc.LocalReport.DataSources.Add(new ReportDataSource("DataSet1", 你的数据));
 4                                 //注意自己的路径,这块我写到配置文件,来区分测试跟线上路径。
 5                                 if (PublicProperty.RdlcPath == "Debug")
 6                                 {
 7                                     rvDoc.LocalReport.ReportPath = @"....ReportFormGTTKWenShuArchives.rdlc";
 8                                 }
 9                                 else
10                                 {
11                                     rvDoc.LocalReport.ReportPath = Application.StartupPath + "\ReportForm\GTTKWenShuArchives.rdlc";
12                                 }
13                                 //开始打印,第二个参数是选择打印机名称
14                                 BillPrint.Run(rvDoc.LocalReport, (string)printerList.Invoke(new obj_delegate(() => { return printerList.SelectedItem.ToString(); })));
15                             }
16                             }

View Code

四、设计报表一些注意事项(可以用差之毫厘失之千里来形容)

  1. A4竖版打印,标头设计宽,长只能小于等于宽,要是大于就会出现空白页情况。

     

  2. A4横版打印,标头设计宽,长度跟竖版一样,注意这个数字是我一点点试出来的,多一点就会出现表的列显示不全,会跑到第二页里面,大家也可以自己试试。

     

  3. 要想每一页都显示标题,只能把标题加入到页眉之中,注意页眉的底部一定要跟表重合否则到第二页跟上边距会跟第一页不一样,具体什么样自己试一下就知道了,

     

  4. 表要是想加实线,注意设计的时候,这个大家一试便知。

     

  5. 要想每一页都显示表的标题部分可以这么设计
  6. 剩下的内容的字体啊间距啊,就根据自己需求自己调吧,注意设计的时候尽量表要与两边重合,标题要与顶部重合,因为他默认是上下左右间距都是2CM,你要是有距离你打印出来就不好看了,这个自己试试就知道了。

五、结尾

把一些我参考的链接放出来,大家可以自行参考。

https://blog.csdn.net/nuptsv_ice/article/details/41821611

有个批量打印代码链接找不到了,要是找到会补上去的。

 



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