Android仿微信拍摄短视频 – 小破孩123

近期做项目需要添加上传短视频功能,功能设置为类似于微信,点击开始拍摄,设置最长拍摄时间,经过研究最终实现了这个功能,下面就和大家分享一下,希望对你有帮助。

1.视频录制自定义控件:

/**
* 视频播放控件
*/
public class MovieRecorderView extends LinearLayout implements OnErrorListener {

private SurfaceView mSurfaceView;
private SurfaceHolder mSurfaceHolder;
private ProgressBar mProgressBar;

private MediaRecorder mMediaRecorder;
private Camera mCamera;
private Timer mTimer;// 计时器
private OnRecordFinishListener mOnRecordFinishListener;// 录制完成回调接口

private int mWidth;// 视频分辨率宽度
private int mHeight;// 视频分辨率高度
private boolean isOpenCamera;// 是否一开始就打开摄像头
private int mRecordMaxTime;// 一次拍摄最长时间
private int mTimeCount;// 时间计数
private File mVecordFile = null;// 文件

public MovieRecorderView(Context context) {
this(context, null);
}

public MovieRecorderView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
this(context, attrs, 0);
}

@SuppressLint(“NewApi”)
public MovieRecorderView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyle) {
super(context, attrs, defStyle);

TypedArray a = context.obtainStyledAttributes(attrs,
R.styleable.MovieRecorderView, defStyle,
0);
mWidth
= a.getInteger(R.styleable.MovieRecorderView_width, 320);// 默认320
mHeight = a.getInteger(R.styleable.MovieRecorderView_height, 240);// 默认240

isOpenCamera
= a.getBoolean(
R.styleable.MovieRecorderView_is_open_camera,
true);// 默认打开
mRecordMaxTime = a.getInteger(
R.styleable.MovieRecorderView_record_max_time,
10);// 默认为10

LayoutInflater.from(context)
.inflate(R.layout.movie_recorder_view,
this);
mSurfaceView
= (SurfaceView) findViewById(R.id.surfaceview);
mProgressBar
= (ProgressBar) findViewById(R.id.progressBar);
mProgressBar.setMax(mRecordMaxTime);
// 设置进度条最大量

mSurfaceHolder
= mSurfaceView.getHolder();
mSurfaceHolder.addCallback(
new CustomCallBack());
mSurfaceHolder.setType(SurfaceHolder.SURFACE_TYPE_PUSH_BUFFERS);

a.recycle();
}

/**
*
*/
private class CustomCallBack implements Callback {

@Override
public void surfaceCreated(SurfaceHolder holder) {
if (!isOpenCamera)
return;
try {
initCamera();
}
catch (IOException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
}

@Override
public void surfaceChanged(SurfaceHolder holder, int format, int width,
int height) {

}

@Override
public void surfaceDestroyed(SurfaceHolder holder) {
if (!isOpenCamera)
return;
freeCameraResource();
}

}

/**
* 初始化摄像头
*/
private void initCamera() throws IOException {
if (mCamera != null) {
freeCameraResource();
}
try {
mCamera
= Camera.open();
}
catch (Exception e) {
e.printStackTrace();
freeCameraResource();
}
if (mCamera == null)
return;

setCameraParams();
mCamera.setDisplayOrientation(90);
mCamera.setPreviewDisplay(mSurfaceHolder);
mCamera.startPreview();
mCamera.unlock();
}

/**
* 设置摄像头为竖屏
*/
private void setCameraParams() {
if (mCamera != null) {
Parameters params
= mCamera.getParameters();
params.set(
“orientation”, “portrait”);
mCamera.setParameters(params);
}
}

/**
* 释放摄像头资源
*/
private void freeCameraResource() {
if (mCamera != null) {
mCamera.setPreviewCallback(
null);
mCamera.stopPreview();
mCamera.lock();
mCamera.release();
mCamera
= null;
}
}

private void createRecordDir() {
//录制的视频保存文件夹
File sampleDir = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory()
+ File.separator + “ysb/video/”);//录制视频的保存地址
if (!sampleDir.exists()) {
sampleDir.mkdirs();
}
File vecordDir
= sampleDir;
// 创建文件
try {
mVecordFile
= File.createTempFile(“recording”, “.mp4″, vecordDir);// mp4格式的录制的视频文件
} catch (IOException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
}

/**
* 初始化
*
@throws IOException
*/
@SuppressLint(
“NewApi”)
private void initRecord() throws IOException {
mMediaRecorder
= new MediaRecorder();
mMediaRecorder.reset();
if (mCamera != null)
mMediaRecorder.setCamera(mCamera);
mMediaRecorder.setOnErrorListener(
this);
mMediaRecorder.setPreviewDisplay(mSurfaceHolder.getSurface());
mMediaRecorder.setVideoSource(VideoSource.CAMERA);
// 视频源
mMediaRecorder.setAudioSource(AudioSource.MIC);// 音频源
mMediaRecorder.setOutputFormat(OutputFormat.MPEG_4);// 视频输出格式
mMediaRecorder.setAudioEncoder(AudioEncoder.AMR_NB);// 音频格式
mMediaRecorder.setVideoSize(mWidth, mHeight);// 设置分辨率:
// mMediaRecorder.setVideoFrameRate(16);// 这个我把它去掉了,感觉没什么用
mMediaRecorder.setVideoEncodingBitRate(1 * 1024 * 1024 * 100);// 设置帧频率,然后就清晰了
mMediaRecorder.setOrientationHint(90);// 输出旋转90度,保持竖屏录制
mMediaRecorder.setVideoEncoder(VideoEncoder.MPEG_4_SP);// 视频录制格式
// mediaRecorder.setMaxDuration(Constant.MAXVEDIOTIME * 1000);
mMediaRecorder.setOutputFile(mVecordFile.getAbsolutePath());
mMediaRecorder.prepare();
try {
mMediaRecorder.start();
}
catch (IllegalStateException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
catch (RuntimeException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
catch (Exception e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
}

/**
* 开始录制视频
*
@param fileName
* 视频储存位置
*
@param onRecordFinishListener
* 达到指定时间之后回调接口
*/
public void record(final OnRecordFinishListener onRecordFinishListener) {
this.mOnRecordFinishListener = onRecordFinishListener;
createRecordDir();
try {
if (!isOpenCamera)// 如果未打开摄像头,则打开
initCamera();
initRecord();
mTimeCount
= 0;// 时间计数器重新赋值
mTimer = new Timer();
mTimer.schedule(
new TimerTask() {

@Override
public void run() {
mTimeCount
++;
mProgressBar.setProgress(mTimeCount);
// 设置进度条
if (mTimeCount == mRecordMaxTime) {// 达到指定时间,停止拍摄
stop();
if (mOnRecordFinishListener != null)
mOnRecordFinishListener.onRecordFinish();
}
}
},
0, 1000);
}
catch (IOException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
}

/**
* 停止拍摄
*/
public void stop() {
stopRecord();
releaseRecord();
freeCameraResource();
}

/**
* 停止录制
*/
public void stopRecord() {
mProgressBar.setProgress(
0);
if (mTimer != null)
mTimer.cancel();
if (mMediaRecorder != null) {
// 设置后不会崩
mMediaRecorder.setOnErrorListener(null);
mMediaRecorder.setPreviewDisplay(
null);
try {
mMediaRecorder.stop();
}
catch (IllegalStateException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
catch (RuntimeException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
catch (Exception e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
}
}

/**
* 释放资源
*/
private void releaseRecord() {
if (mMediaRecorder != null) {
mMediaRecorder.setOnErrorListener(
null);
try {
mMediaRecorder.release();
}
catch (IllegalStateException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
catch (Exception e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
}
mMediaRecorder
= null;
}

public int getTimeCount() {
return mTimeCount;
}

//返回录制的视频文件
public File getmVecordFile() {
return mVecordFile;
}

/**
* 录制完成回调接口
*/
public interface OnRecordFinishListener {
public void onRecordFinish();
}

@Override
public void onError(MediaRecorder mr, int what, int extra) {
try {
if (mr != null)
mr.reset();
}
catch (IllegalStateException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
catch (Exception e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
}
}

2.视频录制界面文件movie_recorder_view.xml:

<?xml version=”1.0″ encoding=”utf-8″?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android=”http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android”
xmlns:tools
=”http://schemas.android.com/tools”
android:layout_width
=”match_parent”
android:layout_height
=”match_parent”
android:background
=”@android:color/background_dark”
android:orientation
=”vertical”>

<SurfaceView
android:id
=”@+id/surfaceview”
android:layout_width
=”fill_parent”
android:layout_height
=”0dp”
android:layout_weight
=”1″
/>

<ProgressBar
android:id
=”@+id/progressBar”
style
=”?android:attr/progressBarStyleHorizontal”
android:layout_width
=”match_parent”
android:layout_height
=”2dp”
/>

</LinearLayout>

做好这些准备工作,下面我们就可以开始设计我们的视频录制功能了。PS:以上代码取至网上,在此向大牛致敬。

3.拍摄主界面,拍摄界面有两部分组成,上面是视频拍摄控件显示,下面是用户点击拍摄按钮,配置文件:activity_main.xml。

<?xml version=”1.0″ encoding=”utf-8″?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android=”http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android”
xmlns:tools
=”http://schemas.android.com/tools”
android:layout_width
=”match_parent”
android:layout_height
=”match_parent”
android:background
=”@android:color/white”
android:orientation
=”vertical”>

<com.example.wechatvideorecorddemo.MovieRecorderView
android:id
=”@+id/movieRecorderView”
android:layout_width
=”match_parent”
android:layout_height
=”0dp”
android:layout_weight
=”1″
android:layout_margin
=”3dp” />

<Button
android:id
=”@+id/shoot_button”
android:layout_width
=”wrap_content”
android:layout_height
=”wrap_content”
android:layout_gravity
=”center”
android:background
=”@drawable/bg_movie_add_shoot”
android:text
=”按住拍”
android:textColor
=”#20b6ff”/>

</LinearLayout>

4.有了主界面的视图,下面我们就开始书写我们的Activity文件MainActivity.java:

public class MainActivity extends Activity {

private MovieRecorderView mRecorderView;//视频录制控件
private Button mShootBtn;//视频开始录制按钮
private boolean isFinish = true;
private boolean success = false;//防止录制完成后出现多次跳转事件

@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
mRecorderView
= (MovieRecorderView) findViewById(R.id.movieRecorderView);
mShootBtn
= (Button) findViewById(R.id.shoot_button);

//用户长按事件监听
mShootBtn.setOnTouchListener(new OnTouchListener() {

@Override
public boolean onTouch(View v, MotionEvent event) {
if (event.getAction() == MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN) {//用户按下拍摄按钮
mShootBtn.setBackgroundResource(R.drawable.bg_movie_add_shoot_select);
mRecorderView.record(
new OnRecordFinishListener() {

@Override
public void onRecordFinish() {
if(!success&&mRecorderView.getTimeCount()<10){//判断用户按下时间是否大于10秒
success = true;
handler.sendEmptyMessage(
1);
}
}
});
}
else if (event.getAction() == MotionEvent.ACTION_UP) {//用户抬起拍摄按钮
mShootBtn.setBackgroundResource(R.drawable.bg_movie_add_shoot);
if (mRecorderView.getTimeCount() > 3){//判断用户按下时间是否大于3秒
if(!success){
success
= true;
handler.sendEmptyMessage(
1);
}
}
else {
success
= false;
if (mRecorderView.getmVecordFile() != null)
mRecorderView.getmVecordFile().delete();
//删除录制的过短视频
mRecorderView.stop();//停止录制
Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, “视频录制时间太短”, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
}
}
return true;
}
});
}

@Override
public void onResume() {
super.onResume();
isFinish
= true;
if (mRecorderView.getmVecordFile() != null)
mRecorderView.getmVecordFile().delete();
//视频使用后删除
}

@Override
public void onSaveInstanceState(Bundle outState) {
super.onSaveInstanceState(outState);
isFinish
= false;
success
= false;
mRecorderView.stop();
//停止录制
}

@Override
public void onPause() {
super.onPause();
}

@Override
public void onDestroy() {
super.onDestroy();
}

private Handler handler = new Handler() {
@Override
public void handleMessage(Message msg) {
if(success){
finishActivity();
}
}
};

//视频录制结束后,跳转的函数
private void finishActivity() {
if (isFinish) {
mRecorderView.stop();
Intent intent
= new Intent(this, SuccessActivity.class);
Bundle bundle
= new Bundle();
bundle.putString(
“text”, mRecorderView.getmVecordFile().toString());
intent.putExtras(bundle);
startActivity(intent);
}
success
= false;
}

/**
* 录制完成回调
*/
public interface OnShootCompletionListener {
public void OnShootSuccess(String path, int second);
public void OnShootFailure();
}
}

到这里我们仿微信的短视频拍摄就已经大功告成,那么下面我们检验一下,我们录制的效果如何,下面我以Android提供的视频播放控件(VideoView)为大家介绍一下如何播放录制的短视频。

5.播放视频的配置文件activity_success.xml:

<?xml version=”1.0″ encoding=”utf-8″?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android=”http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android”
xmlns:tools
=”http://schemas.android.com/tools”
android:layout_width
=”match_parent”
android:layout_height
=”match_parent”
android:background
=”@android:color/white”
android:orientation
=”vertical”>

<TextView
android:id
=”@+id/text”
android:layout_width
=”wrap_content”
android:layout_height
=”wrap_content”
android:layout_gravity
=”center”
android:text
=”@string/app_name” />
<LinearLayout
android:layout_width
=”match_parent”
android:layout_height
=”wrap_content”
android:orientation
=”horizontal”
>
<Button
android:id
=”@+id/button1″
android:layout_width
=”match_parent”
android:layout_height
=”wrap_content”
android:layout_weight
=”1″
android:gravity
=”center”
android:padding
=”5dp”
android:text
=”播放”
/>
<Button
android:id
=”@+id/button2″
android:layout_width
=”match_parent”
android:layout_height
=”wrap_content”
android:layout_weight
=”1″
android:gravity
=”center”
android:padding
=”5dp”
android:text
=”暂停”
/>
<Button
android:id
=”@+id/button3″
android:layout_width
=”match_parent”
android:layout_height
=”wrap_content”
android:layout_weight
=”1″
android:gravity
=”center”
android:padding
=”5dp”
android:text
=”重播”
/>
<Button
android:id
=”@+id/button4″
android:layout_width
=”match_parent”
android:layout_height
=”wrap_content”
android:layout_weight
=”1″
android:gravity
=”center”
android:padding
=”5dp”
android:text
=”视频长度”
/>
</LinearLayout>
<VideoView
android:id
=”@+id/videoView1″
android:layout_width
=”wrap_content”
android:layout_height
=”500dp” />

</LinearLayout>

6.视频播放的控制代码SuccessActivity.java:

public class SuccessActivity extends Activity implements OnClickListener{

private TextView text;//视频保存的路径
private Button button1;//播放开关
private Button button2;//暂停开关
private Button button3;//重新播放开关
private Button button4;//视频大小开关
private VideoView videoView1;//视频播放控件
private String file;//视频路径

@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(R.layout.activity_success);
Bundle bundle
= getIntent().getExtras();
file
= bundle.getString(“text”);//获得拍摄的短视频保存地址
init();
setValue();
}

//初始化
private void init() {
text
= (TextView) findViewById(R.id.text);
button1
= (Button) findViewById(R.id.button1);
button2
= (Button) findViewById(R.id.button2);
button3
= (Button) findViewById(R.id.button3);
button4
= (Button) findViewById(R.id.button4);
videoView1
= (VideoView) findViewById(R.id.videoView1);
}

//设置
private void setValue() {
text.setText(file);
button1.setOnClickListener(
this);
button2.setOnClickListener(
this);
button3.setOnClickListener(
this);
button4.setOnClickListener(
this);
videoView1.setVideoPath(file);
}

@Override
public void onClick(View v) {
switch (v.getId()) {
case R.id.button1:
videoView1.start();
break;

case R.id.button2:
videoView1.pause();
break;

case R.id.button3:
videoView1.resume();
videoView1.start();
break;

case R.id.button4:
Toast.makeText(
this, “视频长度:”+(videoView1.getDuration()/1024)+”M”, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
break;

default:
break;
}
}

}

功能界面截图:

  

  

好了,到这里关于拍摄短视频的知识就和大家分享完毕,具体的实现很简单,相信大家看到这里已经已经学会了,当然如果你还有什么疑问,可以留言讨论。最后给大家分享一个demo的下载地址,方便大家下载学习,下载地址:http://pan.baidu.com/s/1hqts0pm

本文链接:Android仿微信拍摄短视频,转载请注明。



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